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Postop pneumonia risk up with pediatric neurologic comorbidity

(HealthDay)—Children with neurologic comorbidities undergoing surgery have an elevated risk for pneumonia within 30 days after surgery, according to a study published online Aug. 4 in Pediatrics. Christian Mpody, M.D., Ph.D., M.P.H., from Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Columbus, Ohio, and colleagues conducted a retrospective study involving children who underwent inpatient surgery between 2012 and 2018 […]

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With so few virus deaths, Australians debate vaccine risks

Australia has weathered the pandemic far better than many nations—recording just a single coronavirus death since last October—but its success means many Australians are not in a rush to get vaccinated and that could delay the country’s return to normalcy. Concerns are growing about the economic cost to Australia of being left behind by countries […]

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Men with sensory loss are more likely to be obese

Men who suffer sensory loss, particularly hearing loss, are more likely to be physically inactive and obese than women, according to a new study published in the European Journal of Public Health. Researchers analyzed data from more than 23,000 Spanish adults, and examined associations with physical inactivity and obesity in people with vision and hearing […]

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Recording brain activity with laser light

A Caltech professor, in collaboration with researchers at the University of Southern California, has demonstrated for the first time a new technology for imaging the human brain using laser light and ultrasonic sound waves. The technology, known as photoacoustic computerized tomography, or PACT, has been developed by Lihong Wang, Bren Professor of Medical Engineering and […]

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Two-fifths of US seniors with COPD have poor access to pulmonary rehabilitation

Approximately two-fifths of Medicare beneficiaries with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have limited access to pulmonary rehabilitation services due to their distance from rehab centers, according to research presented at the ATS 2021 International Conference. More than 24 million U.S. adults suffer from COPD, a smoking related disease. Evidence has shown that pulmonary rehabilitation provides […]

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Genes associated with COVID-19 risk identified

Having genetic risk variants in the ABO gene might significantly increase the chances of developing COVID-19, and other genes may also increase COVID-19 risk, according to research presented at the ATS 2021 International Conference. Much about COVID-19 remains a medical mystery, including whether certain genes place individuals at greater risk of contracting the SARS-CoV-2 virus, […]

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Augmented reality for children with dyslexia

Augmented reality can be used to support children with dyslexia, according to a team from Saudi Arabia writing in the International Journal of Cloud Computing. Dyslexia is a well-known and well-studied condition in which people of normal intelligence have difficulty reading. It affects between three and seven people in every 100, although up to 20% […]

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New discovery could lead to therapies for patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

A new study, led by the University of California, Irvine (UCI), reveals how chronic inflammation promotes muscle fibrosis, which could inform the development of new therapies for patients suffering from Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), a fatal muscle disease. Titled, “A Stromal Progenitor and ILC2 Niche Promotes Muscle Eosinophilia and Fibrosis-Associated Gene Expression,” the study was […]