Health News

Prenatal HIV exposure linked to decreased infant immunity: Research links specific immune responses in HIV-negative babies to the HIV-positive status of their mothers

In the August 16 edition of Nature Scientific Reports, scientists at the University of Rhode Island provide concrete evidence linking the specific immune responses in HIV-negative babies to the HIV-positive status of their mothers. The work was carried out in the laboratory of Barbara Lohman-Payne, associate research professor with URI’s Institute for Immunology and Informatics […]

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Age-related illness risk for people living with HIV: Study finds increased incidence of heart disease, COPD and bone fractures

The first large-scale review into the health outcomes of people living with HIV has found that this group has an increased risk of contracting specific diseases and illnesses, some of which are more commonly associated with ageing. The umbrella review, led by academics from Anglia Ruskin University (ARU) in Cambridge and the Medical University of […]

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Novel antibody may suppress HIV for up to four months

Regular infusions of an antibody that blocks the HIV binding site on human immune cells may have suppressed levels of HIV for up to four months in people undergoing a short-term pause in their antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens, according to a report published online today in The New England Journal of Medicine. Results of the […]

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Discovery of a restriction factor for hepatitis B virus

Hepatitis B is a viral liver infection that can lead to acute or chronic conditions. Although there is a vaccine that offers protection against the virus, current treatments which prevent the virus from replicating are not curative for infected individuals. Scientists at the Institut Pasteur working in collaboration with the CNRS have demonstrated that a […]

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Six antibodies produced to combat Zika virus: Could be used to test for and treat mosquito-borne disease

Researchers have generated six Zika virus antibodies that could be used to test for and possibly treat a mosquito-borne disease that has infected more than 1.5 million people worldwide. The antibodies “may have the dual utility as diagnostics capable of recognizing Zika virus subtypes and may be further developed to treat Zika virus infection,” corresponding […]

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HIV in liver cells found to be inactive, narrowing potential treatment targets: New study reveals that the largest population of human tissue macrophages, liver macrophages, do not contain infectious forms of HIV

In a proof-of-principle study, researchers at Johns Hopkins revealed that certain immune system cells found in the human liver, called liver macrophages, contain only inert HIV and aren’t likely to reproduce infection on their own in HIV-infected people on long-term antiretroviral therapy (ART). ART is a regimen containing combinations of HIV-targeting drugs that prevents the […]