In ever larger Parts of Germany, the risk after a tick bite, a brain inflammation of the skin developing. The number of TBE risk areas is increased to 161 of circuits, such as the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) tells in a recent report. Accordingly, five urban and rural districts are more affected than in the previous year.
With TBE infected ticks spread in Germany since years, from the South to the North. They are skins of the main vectors of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE), an inflammation of the brain, and the brain. Last year, 583 cases of the disease were reported in the previous year, there were 486.
With the Emsland district, in lower Saxony, is located, for the first time under the TBE-risk areas, it is also the northernmost area at risk in Germany. In the County of 2018, four TBE cases were reported. The other new risk areas are located in Saxony (Landkreis Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge) and in Bavaria (districts of Garmisch-Partenkirchen Landsberg am Lech and the city district of Kaufbeuren).
With the previously declared regions, TBE is prevalent in almost all of Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg. Also in South and Central Hessen, in the Southeast of Thuringia and parts of Rhineland-Palatinate, the Saarland and Saxony are affected.
People living in high-risk areas, work or on holiday, it is recommended to be against TBE should be vaccinated. The vaccination consists of three doses, they must all be three to five years, refreshed.
Lyme disease: danger in the whole of Germany
Much more frequently than TBE tick-broadcast in Germany, Lyme disease, whose excitation occurs in the entire Federal territory. According to RKI, such an infection occurs in Germany, on average five out of a hundred people after a tick bite. Estimates of tens of thousands of new cases per year, the diagnosis is difficult. Also, there is no effective Lyme disease vaccination.
The sooner ticks are removed after a bite, the less the risk of infection. Therefore, experts recommend that the body, after a stay in the Free immediately, carefully search. If you find a tick, should you attack with a pointed tweezers or a tick card as far forward on the bite site, and with a slight Shake of the skin remove.
Larger rotary movements, experts advise. In addition, it is important to do not press on the soaked body.
Bite or sting? Editors ‘ note
Like is being discussed, whether tick bite or sting. As you open the skin with their mouthparts and hook, and then with a kind of proboscis in the blood to absorb, both names conceivable. We decided after discussions with ticks researchers for the Bite, the RKI speaks, however, rather from the tick bite.