First aid for burns important event that will largely depend on the condition of the victim. Time to provide first aid for burns could save a life.
Burn one of the most common injuries at home and at work. Burns can be caused by thermal, chemical and physical agents.
Depending on the temperature of the damaging agent (in case of thermal burns), its volume, time and area of contact with the area of the body, damage can vary in severity. First degree burns are characterized by only redness and burning of the affected area. When second-degree burns on the injured area blisters, while third-degree burns are open wounds. Fourth degree burns are characterized by extensive lesions affecting the deeper layers of tissue. Often such injuries result in death of the victim.
Burns are an extremely important time to provide adequate first aid. How quickly and correctly you are helping yourself or a stranger, will largely depend on the further condition of the victim.
How to give first aid for burns
Remove the source of the burn
First you need to remove the source of the burn, and the sooner you do, the better. If the victim’s burning clothing, then as quickly as it needs to be removed, or throw the person a blanket, coat or other cloth to prevent the access of oxygen to the flame. If you have no suitable material, the victim can pour water.
After elimination of the source of heat is necessary to release the damaged areas from clothing and hot particles. However, in any case, keep your adhering to body parts and items of clothing. Remove only those items that can no effort.
Cooling the affected areas
If the victim has burns, first or second degree, the affected area should be put under running cold water for 15-20 minutes. It is not recommended to use ice, because this can only worsen the situation. Cooling will not allow the burn to spread into the deeper layers of the affected area.
If we are talking about the burn 3 or 4 degrees, the cooling agent is necessary to use a dampened cloth to apply on the affected area.
Closing the burn surface
After cooling the burn surface must be close to limit contact with the environment. So you reduce the probability of development of infectious process, especially if a damaged area of the opened wound.
To close the affected area, you can use bintawa-gauze bandage (dry and treated with antiseptic solutions). Such dressings should not irritate the wound and increase pain.
If you have painkillers, you can give them to the victim. In this case you can use as tablet, and injection forms of painkillers. For this purpose, suitable non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, for example, Catalyn, diclofenac, nimesulide, deksalgin, paracetamol and others.
Transport the victim
Eating an ambulance have to wait long, the victim needs to be taken to the nearest inpatient unit surgical or traumatological profile. The medical establishment will carry out all necessary activities aimed at prevention of infection and healing of the affected area.
What NOT to do
The most common mistake when it burns smearing the affected area with oil, creams, ointment, egg white, and other similar tools. It is absolutely impossible to do, since they form a film on the surface of the skin that will only worsen the heat transfer, and then burn to spread deep into the tissues. The use of wound-healing ointments, such as Solcoseryl, possibly with the formation of the epithelial film.
In addition, it is impossible to tear off stuck to the wound clothing and pierce the formed bubbles. Just burnt spot can cause burns foam.
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