Health Problems

Human Monkeypox – Epidemiology, Clinical Characteristics, Diagnosis, and Prevention

IntroductionThe global monkeypox outbreak of 2022Transmission of monkeypox virus to humansCross immunity and protectionClinical featuresDifferential diagnosisTreatmentPreventionReferencesFurther reading The human monkeypox virus, which belongs to the genus Orthopoxvirus of the family Poxviridae, is a double-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) virus. As of June 9, 2022, over 1,000 people have been confirmed to be infected with the monkeypox […]

Health Problems

Can Just Breathing Help Your Body and Mind?

IntroductionWhat is deep breathing?What is relaxation response?How to perform breathing exercisesReferencesFurther Reading Deep abdominal breathing helps reduce stress, control emotions, increase attention, and improve overall wellbeing. Deep breathing controls heart rate, blood pressure, and respiratory rate by stimulating the parasympathetic nervous system. By diverting attention from distracting thoughts, it reduces stress and anxiety. Image Credit: […]

Health Problems

What is Variegate Porphyria?

Variegate porphyria (VP) is an autosomal dominant condition that results from the deficiency of protoporphyrinogen oxidase (PPOX, EC 1.3). The build-up of porphyrin precursors delta-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), and porphobilinogen (PBG) is observed in patients with VP. Photosensitivity and acute neurovisceral episodes are some common symptoms. Adult-onset cutaneous blistering lesions of sun-exposed skin, notably the hands […]

Health Problems

Why Can Women Fight COVID-19 Better Than Men?

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) put an unprecedented burden on the global healthcare system, with more than 425 million infections and 5.8 million deaths to date (March 2022). Regarding disease severity, a gender difference has been observed worldwide, with women developing less severe infections than […]

Health Problems

Insight into Male PCOS

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a type of endocrine disorder characterized by an abnormal menstrual cycle and the presence of multiple small cysts on the ovaries. The condition is developed due to excessive production of male sex hormones (androgens) by the ovaries. Image Credit: pathdoc/Shutterstock Despite not having ovaries, men can develop clinical characteristics similar […]

Health Problems

The Effect of Sedentism on Mental Wellbeing

Sedentary behavior, defined as activities that require minimal to no body movement, which consequently result in low energy expenditure, has emerged recently as a potential indicator of both physical and mental health in adult populations. There is an association between sedentary behavior and mental health issues including depression, anxiety, and self-esteem. Sedentary lifestyle. Image Credit: fizkes/Shutterstock.com […]

Health Problems

Screen Time and Eye Health

Computer vision syndrome A common disorder that is attributed to screen time and eye health, is Computer Vision Syndrome. This is a complex syndrome caused by the overstraining of the visual system because of prolonged work at the computer or other digital screen. Screen time. Image Credit: StoryTime Studio/Shutterstock.com The term "computer vision syndrome" was […]

Health Problems

What are the Effects of Artificial Sweeteners on Gut Health?

Artificial sweeteners are synthetic sugar substitutes that are commonly consumed in the diet. In the past couple of decades, artificial sweeteners have become increasingly popularised as a noncaloric additive to sweeten foods and drinks. As well as being incorporated into many food products and beverages, they are also components of pharmaceutical products. Artificial sweetener consumption […]