Health Problems

How is a Face Transplant Performed?

What is a face transplant? A face transplant is a medical operation that involves the replacement of all or specific parts of the face using the facial tissue of another person (donor). A portion of the area called Vascularized Composite Tissue Allotransplantation (VCA) includes transplants of the skin of the face, the structure of the […]

Health Problems

Ultrashort-pulse lasers kill bacterial superbugs, spores

Life-threatening bacteria are becoming ever more resistant to antibiotics, making the search for alternatives to antibiotics an increasingly urgent challenge. For certain applications, one alternative may be a special type of laser. Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light can kill multidrug-resistant […]

Health Problems

Cancer moonshot grant funds research into reducing health disparities

Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis has received a $17 million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to address disparities in cancer research, treatment and outcomes in underrepresented populations. The research, funded through the National Cancer Institute’s Cancer Moonshot program, will focus on African American patients with colorectal cancer and multiple […]

Health Problems

How do Microplastics Affect Our Health?

The use of plastic is one of the conveniences of modern life, but in recent years microplastic contamination has become an emerging global concern. Microplastics ––plastic particles measuring less than 5mm ––are everywhere ––from the deepest oceans to the air we breathe. Their small size and mass mean they are readily transported by wind and […]

Health Problems

The Impacts of War on Global Health

War and armed conflict causes a significant loss to human life and is a major cause of disability worldwide. In addition to those hurt and killed as a direct result of violent conflict, a vast amount of people are also negatively impacted by the wider effect of war on global health. Image Credit: SugaBom86/Shutterstock.com War […]

Health Problems

What is Cerebral Malaria?

Cerebral malaria is a serious neurological complication of severe malaria that affects about 1% of children under the age of 5 who have been infected with Plasmodium falciparum. Malaria. Image Credit: Christoph Burgstedt/Shutterstock.com An overview of malaria The Plasmodium genus of unicellular protozoan parasites are responsible for causing the disease malaria in humans, the most […]

Health Problems

Non-Communicable Diseases

Non-communicable diseases (NCD) are defined by The World Health Organization (WHO) as chronic conditions, usually of long duration, and caused by a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental, and behavioral factors. These diseases are not infectious and tend to have a more significant impact on lower to middle-income countries due to the influence of environmental and […]

Health Problems

Hugo named director of Medical Physics Division

Geoffrey Hugo, PhD, a professor of radiation oncology, has been named director of the Medical Physics Division in the Department of Radiation Oncology at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. Hugo is recognized for his role in developing the use of radioablation to treat patients with cardiac arrhythmias, and for his work advancing […]