Intelligent machines köcan in the care of the elderly and the sick help. Before that, however, much to klä still remains;ren
Up close: Professor Sami Haddadin of the Technical Universität MüMunich shows its robotic arm, such as a glass of water to his mouth führt. Demnäfirst, to test the robotics expert, two-armed machines together with seniors
He rolls to the bed and wüwant to get a good Morning. Then he brings das Frühstück from the Küche and the tablets &ndash enough; along with a glass of water. He can play chess, Telefongespräche convey, remind users of important appointments. And if you stürzt, it reports this to the nursing service. The robot as a carer, friend, perhaps even a Savior.
So äsimilar köcould the Zusammenthe lives of man and machine in a few years, look, if Professor Sami Haddadins project. Currently lässt the holder of the chair für robotics and system intelligence at the Technical Universität MüMunich build the first rolling everyday helpers.
Gerät with Fingerspitzengefühl
In the coming months, he wants to start his robot to test – together with senior citizens in Garmisch-Partenkirchen. Haddadin: "The technical breakthrough. Now we want to see how we zweiarmed robots on the best to use, so that old people läViking selbststäfully kö live;can."
The crucial innovation für the tasks developed Haddadins Team and dafür in the past year, received the German future prize: an ultra-lightweight robotic arm, the feinfühlig and lernfähig (see image to the right). Tactile sensors and küartificial intelligence befähigen him to new Bewegungsabläufe einzuüben and optimize. Haddadin: "We take the robot as a small child by the Hand and show him what to do. He learns the then quasi-selbststäfully."
Everyone can handle with the gripper arm, without große computer skills and without the risk of getting hurt. "When unerwüyou want to contact stops of the Arm within a thousandth of a second his motion, or pulls zurück – depending on how he previously wurde" programmed;, erklärt Haddadin. For comparison: A human würde dafür approximately 60 thousandths of a second benötransparent.
Robot as a Carer?
From one machine to maintain, füsetters, wash, change diapers and move? Only a quarter of the German Bevöpopulation can imagine the good as a repräsentative survey on the Initiative of the Federal Ministry für of education and research (BMBF). Also, the majority of respondents are residents of robotic care of the rejects. "However, some schämen so much when Washed that you, a machine even better wäre", Professor Oliver Bendel, one of my own, however, not reprä says;sentative survey durchgeführt has.
The expert für information, robot and machine ethics, conducts research and teaches at the University of applied Sciences northwestern Switzerland in Windisch (Switzerland). "I’m robots gegenüber, in principle, positive. Because you köcan PflegekräRTD entlasten", Bendel formulated his attitude. However, he sees challenges ahead, für which there are no simple Lösolutions.
Für the actual Pflegetävision robots are still not to be used: "It is difficult to get machines to people safely to füsetters." And also the Wash is a highly complex matter. Würde a robot lay a Hand on the genitals, köthe offense could go out.
Further development is urgently nötig
The research centre Riken in Japan has presented the year 2015 Robear. The robot that looks like a Bär, can lift people from the bed to the wheelchair and back zurück. However, the production of Robear has Recently been discontinued. Dr. Rainer Wieching, head of the health and Prävention on the Universität Siegen, surprised darüber bit. "When I look at me, like Robear, with its two arms reaching under the neck and the knee joints, the Wirbelsäule is not good for easy."
But üeverywhere in the world tüfteln scientists and engineers to optimized Lösolutions. It won’t be long before such machines are of practical use, says Wieching, and calls for: "It may come in any case so that you are sitting in a couple of years in a home, and plöin addition, a Gerä so;t on a roll. This should only be done with the Einverstäunderstanding of the stakeholders, and it müshooting there are clear rules."
Wieching is currently researching how the residents of a nursing home react to robots. He uses dafür one of the few products that are already on the market: the entertainment robot Pepper.
The 1.20 meters große, menschenäsimilar Gerät speaks to residents with the home, before a turn-on to them, plays with them Memory and unterhäyou lt with your favorite music. "The majority of the inhabitants speaks a positive impact on Pepper – but only if other people sind", Wieching says. Soon, he wants the results of his research project veröto the public, a campaign of the science year 2018, under the Motto "Work worlds the Zukunft" .
With intelligent helpers in the future
Wieching tests Pepper, in close consultation with carers and carers –and has already identified a number of challenges: "Care facilities have tight deadlines and many regulations, such as Hygiene. Here, the robot must einfü be;gen. This only works if the all stakeholders will be developed."
Nevertheless, Wieching have no doubts about that robot küin the future, many tasks in the care of the elderly üwill accept. For that reason alone, because of the lack of personnel more verschäis may. His appeal: "Either we make this process, or we will ü of him;berrollt."
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