Health Problems

Ivacaftor may reduce common infections in patients with CF

Patients with cystic fibrosis who take ivacaftor appear to have fewer respiratory infections over time than those not taking the drug, according to new research published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society. Cystic fibrosis is caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. Ivacaftor (Kalydeco) is prescribed to […]

Health News

A considerable percentage of deaths in HIV patients are due to cryptococcal infections

Cryptococcal meningitis causes about one in ten HIV-related deaths, according to a study of autopsies performed in Mozambique and Brazil and coordinated by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), an institution supported by “la Caixa.” Cryptococcus is an opportunistic fungus that is found in environmental samples but can cause fatal disease, especially in immune […]

Health News

HIV prevention study finds universal ‘test and treat’ approach can reduce new infections

New HIV infections declined by 30 percent in southern African communities where health workers conducted house-to-house voluntary HIV testing, referred people who tested positive to begin HIV treatment according to local guidelines, and offered other proven HIV prevention measures to those who tested negative. Local guidelines evolved during the study from offering HIV treatment based […]

Medications

Many antibiotic courses for common infections not in line with guidelines

Many antibiotic courses prescribed for common infections treated in English primary care (general practices and community services) exceed the recommended guidelines, reveals a study in The BMJ today. Treatment courses were 1.3 million days beyond the durations recommended by guidelines, with most excess days due to treatment for respiratory conditions. Previous studies have found significant […]

Health Problems

Vaccine-preventable infections common after peds transplant

(HealthDay)—Hospitalization for vaccine-preventable infections occurs in more than 15 percent of pediatric solid organ transplant recipients in the first five years after surgery, according to a study recently published in JAMA Pediatrics. Amy G. Feldman, M.D., from Children’s Hospital Colorado in Denver, and colleagues used data from the Pediatric Health Information System to assess hospitalizations […]