Health Problems

Hookworm infection may cause cognitive impairment earlier than thought

Evidence from the lab of Raffi Aroian, Ph.D., shows that short-term human hookworm infection, even at low levels, can cause rapid, acute and measurable cognitive impairments in spatial memory among a mammalian animal model. These findings, published in Scientific Reports, highlight the global importance of hookworm elimination and suggest that additional, specific, spatial memory studies […]

Health News

HIV: Reprogramming cells to control infection

Cells from the rare individuals who naturally control HIV infection have been the focus of investigation for nearly 15 years with the aim of elucidating their specific features. Following research on the ANRS CO21 CODEX and CO6 PRIMO cohorts, scientists from the Institut Pasteur have described the characteristics of CD8 immune cells in these “HIV […]

Health News

HIV infection may increase heart failure and stroke risk

A Journal of the American Heart Association analysis of information from a large health insurance database reveals that people living with HIV have an elevated risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD), particularly heart failure and stroke. The findings indicate that increased efforts to protect patients’ cardiovascular health are needed. For the study, researchers analyzed information […]

Health Problems

Postoperative infection rate similar across biologics in RA

(HealthDay)—For patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) undergoing arthroplasty, the risk for postoperative infection is similar across biologics but is increased with glucocorticoid use, according to a study published online May 21 in the Annals of Internal Medicine. Michael D. George, M.D., from the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine in Philadelphia, and colleagues compared […]

Health Problems

Long-term consequences of Zika virus infection

Mice exposed to the Zika virus during later stages of gestation present behaviors reminiscent of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, according to a study of genetically diverse animals. The findings, published in JNeurosci, suggest children exposed to the virus during the 2015-16 epidemic may harbor increased risk for developmental disorders. Microcephaly—a smaller than normal head—is the most well-known […]